Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Calling between Android Java methods and WebView JavaScript, with @JavascriptInterface

This example to embed HTML in Android app using WebView. it's the updated version of the former exercise "Call JavaScript inside WebView from Android activity, with parameter passed".

It demonstrate how to call JavaScript function in HTML from Android Java code (the EditText), call Android Java methods with @JavascriptInterface from HTML JavaScript (the first "Say hello" and "Open Dialog" buttons).

For applications targeted to API level JELLY_BEAN_MR1 and above, only public methods that are annotated with JavascriptInterface can be accessed from JavaScript. For applications targeted to API level JELLY_BEAN or below, all public methods (including the inherited ones) can be accessed. This example also show Android Java method without @JavascriptInterface (called from the second "Say hello" button), and non-public method (called from second "Open Dialog" button) cannot be accessed from Javascript.



Create a Android Project using Project Wizard in Android-Eclipse, to generate a default MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity. Implement MyJavaScriptInterface class, its public method with @JavascriptInterface can be called from Javascript. Modify the onCreateView() method of PlaceholderFragment() class to embed our HTML.

MainActivity.java
package com.example.androidbrowser;

import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.webkit.JavascriptInterface;
import android.webkit.WebView;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

 @Override
 protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

  if (savedInstanceState == null) {
   getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
     .add(R.id.container, new PlaceholderFragment()).commit();
  }
 }

 @Override
 public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {

  // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
  getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
  return true;
 }

 @Override
 public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
  // Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
  // automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
  // as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
  int id = item.getItemId();
  if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
   return true;
  }
  return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
 }

 /**
  * A placeholder fragment containing a simple view.
  */
 public static class PlaceholderFragment extends Fragment {

  WebView myBrowser;
  EditText Msg;
  Button btnSendMsg;

  public PlaceholderFragment() {
  }

  @Override
  public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
    Bundle savedInstanceState) {
   View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_main, container,
     false);
   //
   myBrowser = (WebView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.mybrowser);

   final MyJavaScriptInterface myJavaScriptInterface = 
     new MyJavaScriptInterface(getActivity());
   
   myBrowser.addJavascriptInterface(myJavaScriptInterface,
     "AndroidFunction");

   myBrowser.getSettings().setJavaScriptEnabled(true);
   myBrowser.loadUrl("file:///android_asset/mypage.html");

   Msg = (EditText) rootView.findViewById(R.id.msg);
   btnSendMsg = (Button) rootView.findViewById(R.id.sendmsg);
   btnSendMsg.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener() {

    @Override
    public void onClick(View arg0) {
     // TODO Auto-generated method stub
     String msgToSend = Msg.getText().toString();
     myBrowser.loadUrl("javascript:callFromActivity(\""
       + msgToSend + "\")");

    }
   });

   //
   return rootView;
  }
  
  public class MyJavaScriptInterface {

   Context mContext;

   MyJavaScriptInterface(Context c) {
    mContext = c;
   }

   @JavascriptInterface
   public void showToast(String toast) {
    Toast.makeText(mContext, toast, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
   }

   @JavascriptInterface
   public void openAndroidDialog() {
    AlertDialog.Builder myDialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(mContext);
    myDialog.setTitle("DANGER!");
    myDialog.setMessage("You can do what you want!");
    myDialog.setPositiveButton("ON", null);
    myDialog.show();
   }
   
   /*
    * The following methods have no @JavascriptInterface
    * It cannot be accessed
    */
   public void showToast2(String toast) {
    Toast.makeText(mContext, toast, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
   }
   
   /*
    * The following methods not public
    * It cannot be accessed
    */
   @JavascriptInterface
   void openAndroidDialog2() {
    AlertDialog.Builder myDialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(mContext);
    myDialog.setTitle("DANGER!");
    myDialog.setMessage("You can do what you want!");
    myDialog.setPositiveButton("ON", null);
    myDialog.show();
   }

  }

 }

}


/res/layout/fragment_main.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:autoLink="web"
        android:text="http://android-er.blogspot.com/"
        android:textStyle="bold" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/msg"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/sendmsg"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Msg to JavaScript" />

    <WebView
        android:id="@+id/mybrowser"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent" />

</LinearLayout>


/assets/mypage.html, it will be loaded in WebView.
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width; user-scalable=0;" />
<title>My HTML</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>MyHTML</h1>
<p id="mytext">Hello!</p>
<input type="button" value="Say hello" onClick="showAndroidToast('Hello Android!')" />
<input type="button" value="Open Dialog" onClick="openAndroidDialog()" />
<br/>
<p>Call Java method Without @JavascriptInterface</p>
<input type="button" value="Say hello" onClick="showAndroidToast2('Hello Android!')" />
<br/>
<p>Call Java method not public</p>
<input type="button" value="Open Dialog" onClick="openAndroidDialog2()" />
<br/>
<script language="javascript">
 function showAndroidToast(toast) {
  AndroidFunction.showToast(toast);
 }
 
 function openAndroidDialog() {
  AndroidFunction.openAndroidDialog();
 }
 
 function showAndroidToast2(toast) {
  AndroidFunction.showToast2(toast);
 }
 
 function openAndroidDialog2() {
  AndroidFunction.openAndroidDialog2();
 }
  
   function callFromActivity(msg){
    document.getElementById("mytext").innerHTML = msg;
   }
</script>

</body>
</html>




download filesDownload the files.


3 comments:

Partodesign said...

That's great :) Thank you

Naga Venkata Prudhvi Raju Pathapati said...

can we send two parameters from Android activity to javascript function

M.Sc. Tech. MA MIHIR MODI said...

Hey Bro I Want to Open Custom Dialog on HyperLink Click Its not Opening Here.