Sunday, January 11, 2015

Drag and Drop items between ListView

This example show how to move items between ListView by Drag and Drop. (I don't know any standard method to achieve this, it's my own implementation)


MainActivity.java
package com.example.androidimageviewlist;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.text.method.ScrollingMovementMethod;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ClipData;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.DragEvent;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.DragShadowBuilder;
import android.view.View.OnDragListener;
import android.view.View.OnLongClickListener;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemLongClickListener;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {
 
 //items stored in ListView
 public class Item {
  Drawable ItemDrawable;
  String ItemString;
  Item(Drawable drawable, String t){
   ItemDrawable = drawable;
   ItemString = t;
  }
 }
 
 //objects passed in Drag and Drop operation
 class PassObject{
  View view;
  Item item;
  
  PassObject(View v, Item i){
   view = v;
   item = i;
  }
 }
 
 static class ViewHolder {
  ImageView icon;
  TextView text; 
 }

 public class ItemsListAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
  
  private Context context;
  private List<Item> list;

  ItemsListAdapter(Context c, List<Item> l){
   context = c;
   list = l;
  }

  @Override
  public int getCount() {
   return list.size();
  }

  @Override
  public Object getItem(int position) {
   return list.get(position);
  }

  @Override
  public long getItemId(int position) {
   return position;
  }

  @Override
  public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
   View rowView = convertView;
   
      // reuse views
      if (rowView == null) {
       LayoutInflater inflater = ((Activity) context).getLayoutInflater();
       rowView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.row, null);

       ViewHolder viewHolder = new ViewHolder();
       viewHolder.icon = (ImageView) rowView.findViewById(R.id.rowImageView);
       viewHolder.text = (TextView) rowView.findViewById(R.id.rowTextView);
       rowView.setTag(viewHolder); 
      }

      ViewHolder holder = (ViewHolder) rowView.getTag();
      holder.icon.setImageDrawable(list.get(position).ItemDrawable);
      holder.text.setText(list.get(position).ItemString);

      return rowView;
  }
  
  public List<Item> getList(){
   return list;
  }
 }

 List<Item> items1, items2;
 ListView listView1, listView2;
 ItemsListAdapter myItemsListAdapter1, myItemsListAdapter2;
 LinearLayout area1, area2;
 TextView prompt;

 @Override
 protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  listView1 = (ListView)findViewById(R.id.listview1);
  listView2 = (ListView)findViewById(R.id.listview2);
  
  area1 = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.pane1);
  area2 = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.pane2);
  area1.setOnDragListener(myOnDragListener);
  area2.setOnDragListener(myOnDragListener);
  
  initItems();
  myItemsListAdapter1 = new ItemsListAdapter(this, items1);
  myItemsListAdapter2 = new ItemsListAdapter(this, items2);
  listView1.setAdapter(myItemsListAdapter1);
  listView2.setAdapter(myItemsListAdapter2);
  
  //Auto scroll to end of ListView
  listView1.setTranscriptMode(ListView.TRANSCRIPT_MODE_ALWAYS_SCROLL);
  listView2.setTranscriptMode(ListView.TRANSCRIPT_MODE_ALWAYS_SCROLL);

  listView1.setOnItemClickListener(listOnItemClickListener);
  listView2.setOnItemClickListener(listOnItemClickListener);
  
  listView1.setOnItemLongClickListener(myOnItemLongClickListener);
  listView2.setOnItemLongClickListener(myOnItemLongClickListener);
  
  prompt = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.prompt);
  // make TextView scrollable
  prompt.setMovementMethod(new ScrollingMovementMethod());
  //clear prompt area if LongClick
  prompt.setOnLongClickListener(new OnLongClickListener(){
   
   @Override
   public boolean onLongClick(View v) {
    prompt.setText("");
    return true; 
   }});

 }
 OnItemLongClickListener myOnItemLongClickListener = new OnItemLongClickListener(){

  @Override
  public boolean onItemLongClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view,
    int position, long id) {
   Item selectedItem = (Item)(parent.getItemAtPosition(position));
   PassObject passObj = new PassObject(view, selectedItem);
   
   
   ClipData data = ClipData.newPlainText("", "");
   DragShadowBuilder shadowBuilder = new View.DragShadowBuilder(view);
   view.startDrag(data, shadowBuilder, passObj, 0);
   
   return true;
  }
  
 };
 
 OnDragListener myOnDragListener = new OnDragListener() {

  @Override
  public boolean onDrag(View v, DragEvent event) {
   String area;
   if(v == area1){
    area = "area1"; 
   }else if(v == area2){
    area = "area2"; 
   }else{
    area = "unknown"; 
   }
   
   switch (event.getAction()) {
    case DragEvent.ACTION_DRAG_STARTED:
     prompt.append("ACTION_DRAG_STARTED: " + area  + "\n");
     break; 
    case DragEvent.ACTION_DRAG_ENTERED:
     prompt.append("ACTION_DRAG_ENTERED: " + area  + "\n");
     break; 
    case DragEvent.ACTION_DRAG_EXITED:
     prompt.append("ACTION_DRAG_EXITED: " + area  + "\n");
     break; 
    case DragEvent.ACTION_DROP:
     prompt.append("ACTION_DROP: " + area  + "\n");

     PassObject passObj = (PassObject)event.getLocalState();
     View view = passObj.view;
     Item passedItem = passObj.item;
     ListView oldParent = (ListView)view.getParent();
     LinearLayout newParent = (LinearLayout)v;
     
     if(oldParent.equals(listView1)){
      prompt.append("Drag source: listView1" + "\n");
      
      if(newParent.equals(area2)){
       prompt.append("Drop target: area2" + "\n");
       
       if(removeItemToList(items1, passedItem)){
        addItemToList(items2, passedItem); 
       }
       myItemsListAdapter1.notifyDataSetChanged();
       myItemsListAdapter2.notifyDataSetChanged();
       
      }else{
       prompt.append("Invalid Drop target" + "\n");
      }
      
     }else if(oldParent.equals(listView2)){
      prompt.append("Drag source: listView2" + "\n");
      
      if(newParent.equals(area1)){
       prompt.append("Drop target: area1" + "\n");
       
       if(removeItemToList(items2, passedItem)){
        addItemToList(items1, passedItem); 
       }
       myItemsListAdapter1.notifyDataSetChanged();
       myItemsListAdapter2.notifyDataSetChanged();
      }else{
       prompt.append("Invalid Drop target" + "\n");
      }
      
     }else{
      prompt.append("Invalid Drag source: unknown" + "\n");
     }
     break;
      case DragEvent.ACTION_DRAG_ENDED:
       prompt.append("ACTION_DRAG_ENDED: " + area  + "\n");   
      default:
       break;    
   }
      
   return true;
  }
  
 };
 
 OnItemClickListener listOnItemClickListener = new OnItemClickListener(){

  @Override
  public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position,
    long id) {
   Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, 
     ((Item)(parent.getItemAtPosition(position))).ItemString, 
     Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
  }
  
 };

 private void initItems(){
  items1 = new ArrayList<Item>();
  items2 = new ArrayList<Item>();
  
  TypedArray arrayDrawable = getResources().obtainTypedArray(R.array.resicon);
  TypedArray arrayText = getResources().obtainTypedArray(R.array.restext);
  
  for(int i=0; i<arrayDrawable.length(); i++){
   Drawable d = arrayDrawable.getDrawable(i);
   String s = arrayText.getString(i);
   Item item = new Item(d, s);
   items1.add(item);
  }
  
  arrayDrawable.recycle();
  arrayText.recycle();
 }
 
 private boolean removeItemToList(List<Item> l, Item it){
  boolean result = l.remove(it);
  return result;
 }
 
 private boolean addItemToList(List<Item> l, Item it){
  boolean result = l.add(it);
  return result;
 }

}

/res/layout/activity_main.xml
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="4dp"
    tools:context="com.example.androidimageviewlist.MainActivity" >

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:autoLink="web"
        android:text="http://android-er.blogspot.com/"
        android:textStyle="bold" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="2"
        android:background="@android:color/background_dark"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <LinearLayout
            android:id="@+id/pane1"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_margin="4dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="@android:color/background_light"
            android:orientation="vertical" >

            <ListView
                android:id="@+id/listview1"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:id="@+id/pane2"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_margin="4dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="@android:color/background_light"
            android:orientation="vertical" >

            <ListView
                android:id="@+id/listview2"
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
        </LinearLayout>
    </LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/prompt"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:background="@android:color/black"
            android:gravity="bottom"
            android:textColor="@android:color/white" />
    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

/res/layout/row.xml and /res/values/arrays.xml, refer to previous post of "Custom ListView with ImageView".

To use Drag and Drop on your app, you have to modify AndroidManifest.xml to set android:minSdkVersion="11".

download filesDownload the files.


Next:
- It's a too un-flexible approach, The source and destination of the Drag and Drop operation is hard coded and fixed. Next is a "Improved Drag and Drop items between ListView".

- In the exercise "Drag and Drop items between ListView, with OnDragListener on ListView cells", another OnDragListener (ItemOnDragListener) implemented for rowView of ListView items, such that we can actually drop on ListView items, and insert in the previous position.

4 comments:

Atul Dhanuka said...

Hi
Thanks for your code

just i am facing one problem if i am use listview orientation="vertical"

and using two listview
draging and droping in both listview

if the data is two much in first listview it is not scrolling properly and even i cannot drag it two another listview in small device

please help me out

Andr.oid Eric said...

hello,

Why the first listview not scrolling properly? suppose it will not happen.

Atul Dhanuka said...

Hi

ust i am facing one problem if i am use listview orientation="vertical" and using two listview

Drag and drop is working fine but the problem is with auto scroll and the item is not getting drop in top and bottom of the present item

Please help me out or plz provide some sample code.

Ekta said...

Hi this one is the best example on google i found of drag and drop rearrange in list view. thank you so much