Tuesday, March 30, 2010

Using color in Android, by XML

In Android, colors can be defined directly, such as "#ff0000" for red. You can also create a resource file under /res/values folder (with any file name), with your own color id defined inside. Such that you can access them in Java code using id. Android also defined a base set in android.R.color.

example:



/res/values/mycolor.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
<color name="red">#ff0000</color>
<color name="green">#00ff00</color>
<color name="blue">#0000ff</color>
</resources>


/res/layout/main.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:id="@+id/background"
>

<TextView
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="@string/hello"
/>

<!-- "white" defined in Android base set of colors -->
<Button
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="WHITE"
android:textColor="@android:color/white"
android:id="@+id/whitebutton"
/>

<!-- direct define textColor -->
<Button
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="RED"
android:textColor="#ff0000"
android:id="@+id/redbutton"
/>

<!-- "green" defined in mycolor.xml -->
<Button
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="GREEN"
android:textColor="@color/green"
android:id="@+id/greenbutton"
/>

<!-- "blue" defined in mycolor.xml -->
<Button
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="BLUE"
android:textColor="@color/blue"
android:id="@+id/bluebutton"
/>
</LinearLayout>




7 comments:

Ivar said...

Thanks! It was very helpful

Tony Le said...

solved my problems.. www.androidsim.net

Anonymous said...

Great.. It helped me a lot..! =)

Anocas said...

Nice! Thanks...

sureshssk kumar said...

source code?
java files

Rakesh Mourya G said...

Thanx guys really helped me alot.......

Mohammadnaushadali Naush said...

thank you