Monday, August 20, 2012

Retrieve old activity state for configuration change by overriding onRetainNonConfigurationInstance() method

As mentioned in the post "Activity will be re-started when screen orientation changed", the old activity will be destroyed when orientation changed. And also mentioned in last exercise "EditText keep no change after orientation changed", the states of some views will be kept. But it's not always true; for example, refer to the exercise in "GridView", the GridView will always reload photos from SD Card when orientation changed.

To maintain the old states, we can overriding the method onRetainNonConfigurationInstance() to return the old activity. Via the returned activity object, we can retrieve the fields of the old activity.

Please notice that the method onRetainNonConfigurationInstance() is deprecated, If you are targeting HONEYCOMB or later, consider instead using a Fragment with Fragment.setRetainInstance(boolean).

Retrieve old activity state for configuration change by overriding onRetainNonConfigurationInstance() method


Modify the java code in the exercise "GridView loading photos from SD Card", override the method onRetainNonConfigurationInstance() to return the activity object, this. In orCreate() method, check if old activity exist by calling getLastNonConfigurationInstance(). If the returned object not null, means old activity exist.


 @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        
        GridView gridview = (GridView) findViewById(R.id.gridview);
        
        //Check if old activity exist
        MainActivity oldActivity = (MainActivity)getLastNonConfigurationInstance();
        if(oldActivity == null){
         myImageAdapter = new ImageAdapter(this);
            gridview.setAdapter(myImageAdapter);
            
            String ExternalStorageDirectoryPath = Environment
              .getExternalStorageDirectory()
              .getAbsolutePath();
            
            String targetPath = ExternalStorageDirectoryPath + "/test/";
            
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), targetPath, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            File targetDirector = new File(targetPath);
            
            File[] files = targetDirector.listFiles();
            for (File file : files){
             myImageAdapter.add(file.getAbsolutePath());
            } 
            
            // Get memory class of this device, exceeding this amount will throw an
            // OutOfMemory exception.
            final int memClass 
             = ((ActivityManager)getSystemService(Context.ACTIVITY_SERVICE))
              .getMemoryClass();
            
            // Use 1/8th of the available memory for this memory cache.
            final int cacheSize = 1024 * 1024 * memClass / 8;
            
            mMemoryCache = new LruCache<String, Bitmap>(cacheSize) {
             
             @Override
             protected int sizeOf(String key, Bitmap bitmap) {
              // The cache size will be measured in bytes rather than number of items.
              return bitmap.getByteCount(); 
             }
            };
        }else{
         Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "oldActivity exist", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
         myImageAdapter = oldActivity.myImageAdapter;
         gridview.setAdapter(myImageAdapter);
         
        }
        
    }
 
 @Override
 public Object onRetainNonConfigurationInstance() {
  // TODO Auto-generated method stub
  return this;
 }


Download the files.


1 comment:

antonio said...

Hi dear Android-er How can I use this example on android GingerBread 2.3.6? please Help me.....