Sunday, December 27, 2015

Android Chat example, with server sending individual message to specify client.


Refer to my old post of Simple Android Chat Application, server side, and client side. Function to send sending individual message to specify client is added in server side.


uses-permission of "android.permission.INTERNET" is needed in AndroidManifest.xml, for both server and client.


Server side:

MainActivity.java
package com.blogspot.android_er.androidchatserver;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Spinner;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.NetworkInterface;
import java.net.ServerSocket;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.SocketException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.List;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    static final int SocketServerPORT = 8080;

    TextView infoIp, infoPort, chatMsg;
    Spinner spUsers;
    ArrayAdapter<ChatClient> spUsersAdapter;
    Button btnSentTo;

    String msgLog = "";

    List<ChatClient> userList;

    ServerSocket serverSocket;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        infoIp = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.infoip);
        infoPort = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.infoport);
        chatMsg = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.chatmsg);

        spUsers = (Spinner) findViewById(R.id.spusers);
        userList = new ArrayList<ChatClient>();
        spUsersAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<ChatClient>(
                MainActivity.this, android.R.layout.simple_spinner_item, userList);
        spUsersAdapter.setDropDownViewResource(android.R.layout.simple_spinner_dropdown_item);
        spUsers.setAdapter(spUsersAdapter);

        btnSentTo = (Button)findViewById(R.id.sentto);
        btnSentTo.setOnClickListener(btnSentToOnClickListener);

        infoIp.setText(getIpAddress());

        ChatServerThread chatServerThread = new ChatServerThread();
        chatServerThread.start();
    }

    View.OnClickListener btnSentToOnClickListener = new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            ChatClient client = (ChatClient)spUsers.getSelectedItem();
            if(client != null){
                String dummyMsg = "Dummy message from server.\n";
                client.chatThread.sendMsg(dummyMsg);
                msgLog += "- Dummy message to " + client.name + "\n";
                chatMsg.setText(msgLog);

            }else{
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "No user connected", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        }
    };

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();

        if (serverSocket != null) {
            try {
                serverSocket.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    private class ChatServerThread extends Thread {

        @Override
        public void run() {
            Socket socket = null;

            try {
                serverSocket = new ServerSocket(SocketServerPORT);
                MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {

                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        infoPort.setText("I'm waiting here: "
                                + serverSocket.getLocalPort());
                    }
                });

                while (true) {
                    socket = serverSocket.accept();
                    ChatClient client = new ChatClient();
                    userList.add(client);
                    ConnectThread connectThread = new ConnectThread(client, socket);
                    connectThread.start();

                    runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            spUsersAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                        }
                    });
                }

            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                if (socket != null) {
                    try {
                        socket.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }

        }

    }

    private class ConnectThread extends Thread {

        Socket socket;
        ChatClient connectClient;
        String msgToSend = "";

        ConnectThread(ChatClient client, Socket socket){
            connectClient = client;
            this.socket= socket;
            client.socket = socket;
            client.chatThread = this;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            DataInputStream dataInputStream = null;
            DataOutputStream dataOutputStream = null;

            try {
                dataInputStream = new DataInputStream(socket.getInputStream());
                dataOutputStream = new DataOutputStream(socket.getOutputStream());

                String n = dataInputStream.readUTF();

                connectClient.name = n;

                msgLog += connectClient.name + " connected@" +
                        connectClient.socket.getInetAddress() +
                        ":" + connectClient.socket.getPort() + "\n";
                MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {

                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        chatMsg.setText(msgLog);
                    }
                });

                dataOutputStream.writeUTF("Welcome " + n + "\n");
                dataOutputStream.flush();

                broadcastMsg(n + " join our chat.\n");

                while (true) {
                    if (dataInputStream.available() > 0) {
                        String newMsg = dataInputStream.readUTF();


                        msgLog += n + ": " + newMsg;
                        MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {

                            @Override
                            public void run() {
                                chatMsg.setText(msgLog);
                            }
                        });

                        broadcastMsg(n + ": " + newMsg);
                    }

                    if(!msgToSend.equals("")){
                        dataOutputStream.writeUTF(msgToSend);
                        dataOutputStream.flush();
                        msgToSend = "";
                    }

                }

            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                if (dataInputStream != null) {
                    try {
                        dataInputStream.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }

                if (dataOutputStream != null) {
                    try {
                        dataOutputStream.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }

                userList.remove(connectClient);

                MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {

                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        spUsersAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
                        Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,
                                connectClient.name + " removed.", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

                        msgLog += "-- " + connectClient.name + " leaved\n";
                        MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {

                            @Override
                            public void run() {
                                chatMsg.setText(msgLog);
                            }
                        });

                        broadcastMsg("-- " + connectClient.name + " leaved\n");
                    }
                });
            }

        }

        private void sendMsg(String msg){
            msgToSend = msg;
        }

    }

    private void broadcastMsg(String msg){
        for(int i=0; i<userList.size(); i++){
            userList.get(i).chatThread.sendMsg(msg);
            msgLog += "- send to " + userList.get(i).name + "\n";
        }

        MainActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {

            @Override
            public void run() {
                chatMsg.setText(msgLog);
            }
        });
    }

    private String getIpAddress() {
        String ip = "";
        try {
            Enumeration<NetworkInterface> enumNetworkInterfaces = NetworkInterface
                    .getNetworkInterfaces();
            while (enumNetworkInterfaces.hasMoreElements()) {
                NetworkInterface networkInterface = enumNetworkInterfaces
                        .nextElement();
                Enumeration<InetAddress> enumInetAddress = networkInterface
                        .getInetAddresses();
                while (enumInetAddress.hasMoreElements()) {
                    InetAddress inetAddress = enumInetAddress.nextElement();

                    if (inetAddress.isSiteLocalAddress()) {
                        ip += "SiteLocalAddress: "
                                + inetAddress.getHostAddress() + "\n";
                    }

                }

            }

        } catch (SocketException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
            ip += "Something Wrong! " + e.toString() + "\n";
        }

        return ip;
    }

    class ChatClient {
        String name;
        Socket socket;
        ConnectThread chatThread;

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return name + ": " + socket.getInetAddress().getHostAddress();
        }
    }
}


activity_main.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:padding="16dp"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context="com.blogspot.android_er.androidchatserver.MainActivity">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:autoLink="web"
        android:text="http://android-er.blogspot.com/"
        android:textStyle="bold" />

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Char Server"
        android:textStyle="bold" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/infoport"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textStyle="italic" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/infoip"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textStyle="italic" />

    <Spinner
        android:id="@+id/spusers"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/sentto"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Sent msg to individual user"/>

    <ScrollView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/chatmsg"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />
    </ScrollView>
</LinearLayout>



download filesDownload the server side files (Android Studio Format) .

Client side same as in the post "Simple Android Chat Application, client side" in Android Studio form.

download filesDownload the client side files (Android Studio Format) .

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

hi dear
how can get mac address from client?
ip every time change, i want get mac address

Andr.oid Eric said...

To get mac address, refer Retrieve IP and MAC addresses from /proc/net/arp.

For this example, get mac address for what?

Anonymous said...

Hi,

why am I not able to bind to the server over my PC?

Chris Adamopoylos said...

Nice and helpfull example. I have some questions...may be foolish:
1. If the server is far away from the client whuch means he does not know the servers ip , how can i get the servers ip?
2. A mobile can be a server or it has to be tablet?
3. How can i store messages on server?

Thank in advance